This paper investigates the relationship between civil strife and extreme climatic events through their impact on local food prices and availability while exploring the role of trade liberalization in agricultural products in mitigating social unrest in developing countries. Using the collective action problem, I investigate the impact of food accessibility and trade barriers on people’s resentment level towards their government. From the theoretical model, I derive two hypotheses. First, a significant decrease in precipitation rates will provoke demonstrations. Second, a decrease in tariff...
More than one quarter of the world’s population lives in water-scarce areas, while most countries share at least one transboundary river with at least one riparian country. Knowing that, one question comes to mind: if water-scarcity is prevalent, should we expect riparian countries to fight over the water allocation of shared rivers? To answer this question, I use a modified version of the river sharing game in which countries can resort to force to solve the water allocation problem. Using backward induction, I solve for the probability of the downstream country using force against the...
CAUV Projections for 2019 and 2020
Curbing environmental pollution is a key priority in China as reflected in the adoption of policies such as “New Normal” and the takeover of environmental enforcement by the top leadership of the central government in 2015. In this paper, we use a dataset of publicly-traded firms in the Shanghai and Shenzhen stock exchanges and the event study methodology to gauge the reaction of the investor class to the new environmental enforcement regime. Our results indicate that, together, the announcement and implementation of the new enforcement regime spurred a significant decline of over $29 billion...
Published in the Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law with Daniel Chow, Moritz College of Law, Ohio State University. Article is an evaluatuion of current US trade policy, the conclusion being that strict reciprocity is both impossible and goes against bais economic concepts.
The United State Department of Agriculture (USDA), on March 6 th , forecasted U.S. net farm income for 2019 to increase 10% from last year, from $63.1 billion in 2018 to $69.4 billion in 2019. This forecast is a positive sign to producers after a drop in farm income in 2018. The first forecast of the year has historically been lower than the final estimate. Current projections by USDA and FAPRI have farm income remaining below the 90-year average in 2019, but also through the majority of the projection period. Adjusting for inflation, net farm income remains roughly $20 billion below the 18-...
Xu, C., and A.L. Katchova. “Predicting Soybean Yield with NDVI using a Flexible Fourier Transform Model.” Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics 51, 3 (2019):402-416. https://doi.org/10.1017/aae.2019.5
Dinterman, R. and A.L. Katchova. “Property Tax Incidence on Cropland Cash Rent.” Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1093/aepp/ppz004
"Economic and Legal Analysis of Climate Policy and Border Tax Adjustments: Federal vs. State Regulation"
Discussion of whether or not border tax adjustments for state-level climate policy would survive federal and international legal challenges. Published in "The Ohio State Law Journal"
Nationally, Ohio ranks 15th in per pupil spending. Even though Ohio does a better job than almost all other states in directing school funding to poor and minority students, a new study by researchers with The Ohio State University’s C. William Swank Program in Rural-Urban Policy shows there is still much to be done to achieve funding adequacy and equity across school districts in Ohio.